Mandalas and the Mandala Assessment Research Instrument in Art Therapy from a Jungian Perspective: A Systematic Literature Review
Master of Arts in Art Therapy
The practice of mandala making is a well-documented therapeutic intervention commonly used in art therapy. Based on Jungian archetypal symbolism found in mandalas, the Mandala Assessment Research Instrument (MARI) was developed by art therapist Joan Kellogg (1978) as a psychological assessment. The MARI process consists of the creation of a mandala, followed by specific symbol and color selection. The synthesizing of color and symbol offers a representation of an individual’s psychological state at the time of the MARI process. According to professional art therapy research to date, the use of the MARI in art therapy is not well-documented. Thus, this literature review outlines areas of current research that are most prevalent and identifies where additional research is needed. As a result of this researcher’s findings, this literature review culminates with a proposed future study.